Not all black bears are black. Black bears range from pure white to cinnamon color to dark brown and black. Most populations are a mixture of these colors, including the pure white form which is found mostly in the island archipelago in southern columbia.
Typically adults are about 3 feet tall at the shoulder, the length from nose to tail is about 75 inches. Black bears are sexually dimorphic - meaning the male is larger than the female. The male exceeds in 600 lbs and the females exceed in 200 lbs. Black bears eat both plants and animals meaning they are omnivores. Black bears eat fish, larvae, meat, roots, grass, berries and other succulent plants. The can kill an adult deer and other hoofed wildlife, but mostly deer, moose, and other hoofed animals when they are young.
A black bears life span in the wild can be up to 30 years, but most don't live into their early 20s. Since the bear is an omnivore it can live in a variety of environments. They typically do not show up in open areas.